Harsh drug laws are clearly an important factor in the persistent racial and ethnic disparities observed in state prisons. And since most are serving long sentences, they will probably need more medical care over the course of their stays than those serving shorter sentences.
In addition, some recent charges of abuse at a local jail have also caught the attention of the senator. Widening the field of potential medical consultants gives the state a stronger negotiating position on compensation costs. Reforms to media reporting that more carefully and accurately represent the true incidence of specific crimes and their perpetrators, and victims, would change perceptions about crime, but in themselves would not necessarily impact how these perceptions translate into policy preferences.
Social Science Research on Race 1 1: Subsequent studies have replicated this work with more recent data and found even higher amounts of unexplained disparities, particularly in the category of drug arrests. Racial disparities in official assessments of juvenile offenders: Race and disparities in sentencing: Most corrections departments that outsource their on-site care negotiate a contract with their health vendor that establishes a capitation—a fixed per-person, per-month payment—that vendors receive for caring for the individuals in the prison system.
Florida, for example, defines the categories as follows: Examining racial and ethnic disparity in prosecution and sentencing. Different authors name different theories.
Clinicians employed by one or more private companies deliver all or most on-site care. Reassessing and redirecting research on race and sentencing.
State decisions about when and how best to make use of these alternative settings result from a number of considerations, including cost and space. For surgery and other specialized care, the person is transported to other public areas of the hospital but returned to the secure unit for observation and recuperation.
If the hospital or specialist does not have a contract with the corrections department, the state reimburses at only percent of the Medicaid rate.
The retributive theory focuses on the crime itself as the reason The Sentencing Project; Bridges, G. This solution thoroughly addresses the questions based on the scenario.comparison analysis of the United States’, Germany’s, and the Netherlands’ prison systems, valuable insight into possible beneficial practices, sentencing standards, and conditions could be obtained.
Overview. Delivering adequate medical care to the more than 1 million adults in state prisons is a growing challenge for states, in part because of the high costs and complex logistics required to hospitalize people who are incarcerated.
Correctional Populations in the United States, Presents statistics on persons supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States at yearendincluding persons supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in state or federal prison or local jail.
Georgia State University ScholarWorks @ Georgia State University Economics Dissertations Department of Economics An Economic Analysis of Prison Labor.
Since the majority of people in prison are sentenced at the state level rather than the federal level, it is critical to understand the variation in racial and ethnic composition across states, and the policies and the day-to-day practices that contribute to this variance.
Private prisons in the United States incarceratedpeople inrepresenting % of the total state and federal prison population. Sincethe number of people housed in private prisons has increased 47%.
States show significant variation in their use of private correctional facilities.Download